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LES MOSUO, QUI FONT PARTIE DU GROUPE ETHNO LINGUISTIQUE TIBETO BIRMAN, SONT L'UNE DES DERNIERES COMMUNAUTES MATRIARCALES AU MONDE. CONSTITUEE DE 30 000 PERSONNES, ILS VIVENT EN CHINE DANS LES LIMITES SUD OUEST DU PAYS ET PLUS EXACTEMENT SUR LES FRONTIERES DES PROVINCES DU SICHUAN ET DU YUNNAN, NON LOIN DU TIBET.<br />
LE LAC LUGU, SITUE ENTRE CES DEUX REGIONS, OCCUPE LA VALLEE ENTIERE ET EST ENTOURE PAR LES HAUTES MONTAGNES, DONT UNE S'APPELLE LE GUN MU, MONTAGNE MERE, DEESSE PROTECTRICE DES MOSUO. DANS LA LANGUE MOSUO, LE LAC LUGU S'APPELLE SHINAMI, QUI SIGNIFIE LAC MERE. LES MOSUO VIVENT DE L'AGRICULTURE ET DE LA PECHE PROVENANT DU LAC SACRE, MAIS AUSSI DU TOURISME MAINTENANT, ESSENTIELLEMENT CHINOIS. <br />
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THE MOSUO WHICH ARE PART OF THE GROUP ETHNO TIBETO BURMESE LANGUAGE ARE ONE OF THE LAST WORLD MATRIARCHAL COMMUNITY. CONSISTING OF 30 000 PEOPLE, THEY LIVE IN CHINA IN THE SOUTH WEST BOUNDARY OF COUNTRY AND MORE PRECISELY THE BOUNDARIES OF THE SICHUAN PROVINCE OF YUNNAN AND NOT FAR FROM TIBET.<br />
LUGU LAKE, LOCATED BETWEEN THE TWO AREAS, THE OCCUPIED AND WHOLE VALLEY IS SURROUNDED BY HIGH MOUNTAINS, WHICH ONE IS CALLED THE GUN MU MOUNTAIN MOTHER GODDESS OF PROTECTIVE MOSUO. IN THE LANGUAGE MOSUO, LUGU LAKE SHINAMI CALLED, WHICH MEANS LAKE MOTHER. MOSUO THE LIVING OF AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES FROM THE SACRED LAKE, BUT ALSO OF TOURISM NOW, MAINLY CHINESE.